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Department of Psychology


My current main research focus is on the effects of drowsiness and conscious level (both measured neurally) on cognition, and how this is modulated by age and disease (Alzheimer's disease). I am using MEG, fMRI and structural imaging techniques to examine the neural basis of these effects.

My previous research areas have included consciousness, working memory, attention, intelligence, strategic processing and chunking in the normal population, as well as those with focal brain damage, synaesthesia, Asperger Syndrome and savants. I've largely explored these issues using a range of neuroimaging techniques, including fMRI, PET and TMS and have been particularly interested in the function of the prefrontal and parietal cortices.

 I have used cognitive training, both as an experimental tool to simulate synaesthesia in those without this condition, and as a potentially clinical tool, to raise cognition, either in the normal population, or to halt cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease.


Clinical conditions

Alzheimer's disease

Cognitive impairment


Sleep disorders


Electroencephalography (EEG)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Magnetoencephalography (MEG)

Neuropsychological testing

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)


Key publications: 

Bor D, Rothen N, Schwartzman DJ, Clayton S, Seth AK (2014), “Adults Can Be Trained to Acquire Synesthetic Experiences.” Nature: Scientific Reports4(7089)

Bor D, Owen AM (2007), “A common prefrontal-parietal network for mnemonic and mathematical recoding strategies within working memory.” Cereb Cortex 17(4):778-86 Details

Bor D, Duncan J, Lee ACH, Parr A, Owen AM (2006), “Frontal lobe involvement in spatial span: Converging studies of normal and impaired function” Neuropsychologia 44(2):229-237

Bor D, Duncan J, Owen AM (2003), “Encoding strategies dissociate prefrontal activity from working memory demand” Neuron 37(2):361-367 Details




Bor D, Barrett AB, Schwartzman DJ, Seth AK (2018) Response to Ruby et al: On a ‘failed’ attempt to manipulate conscious perception with transcranial magnetic stimulation to prefrontal cortex. Consciousness and Cognition. 65. 334-41.

Rothen N, Schwartzman DJ, Bor D, Seth AK (2018) Coordinated neural, behavioral, and phenomenological changes in perceptual plasticity through overtraining of synesthetic associations. Neuropsychologia. 111, 151-62.


Bor D, Schwartzman DJ, Barrett AB, Seth AK (2017), “Theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to the prefrontal or parietal cortex does not impair metacognitive visual awareness.” PLoS ONE 12(2): e0171793

Fallon SJ, Bor D, Hampshire A, Barker RA, Owen AM (2017), “Spatial structure normalises working memory performance in Parkinson’s disease.” Cortex 96, 73-82

Huntley JD, Hampshire A, Bor D, Owen AM, Howard RJ (2017), “The importance of sustained attention in early Alzheimer’s disease. ” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry DOI: 10.1002/gps.4537


Bor D (2016), “ Advances in the Scientific Investigation of Consciousness” Brain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness Springer, 13-24.

Gould van Praag CD, Garfinkel S, Ward J, Bor D, Seth AK (2016), “Automaticity and localisation of concurrents predicts colour area activity in grapheme-colour synaesthesia” Neuropsychologia 88, 5-14

Gruszka A, Bor D, Barker RR, Necka E, Owen AM (2016), “The role of executive processes in working memory deficits in Parkinson’s Disease” Polish Psychological Bulletin 47(1)

Huntley JD, Hampshire A, Bor D, Owen AM, Howard RJ (2016), “Adaptive working memory strategy training in early Alzheimer’s disease: randomised controlled trial.” The British Journal of Psychiatry doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.116.182048, 1–6.


Scott RB, Dienes Z, Barrett AB, Bor D, Seth AK (2014), “Blind Insight: Metacognitive Discrimination Despite Chance Task Performance.” Psychological Science 25 (12)


Woolgar A, Bor D, Duncan J (2013), “Global Increase in Task-related Fronto-parietal Activity after Focal Frontal Lobe Lesion” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 25(9)


Bor D, Seth AK (2012), “ Consciousness and the prefrontal parietal network: Insights from attention, working memory and chunking.” Frontiers in Psychology 3(article 63)

Rudebeck SR, Bor D, Ormond A, O’Reilly JX, Lee ACH (2012), “A Potential Spatial Working Memory Training Task to Improve Both Episodic Memory and Fluid Intelligence.” PLOS ONE 7(11)


Huntley JD, Bor D, Hampshire A, Owen AM, Howard R (2011), “ Working memory task performance and chunking in early Alzheimer’s disease” The British Journal of Psychiatry 198(5)


Woolgar A, Thompson R, Bor D, Duncan J (2010), “Multi-voxel coding of stimuli, rules, and responses in human frontoparietal cortex.” NeuroimageDetails


Billington J, Baron-Cohen S, Bor D (2008), “Systemizing influences attentional processes during the Navon task: an fMRI study.” Neuropsychologia46(2):511-20 Details


Bor D, Billington J, Baron-Cohen S (2007), “Savant memory for digits in a case of synaesthesia and Asperger syndrome is related to hyperactivity in the lateral prefrontal cortex.” Neurocase 13(5):311-9 Details

Bor D, Owen AM (2007), “Cognitive training: neural correlates of expert skills.” Curr Biol 17(3):R95-7 Details


Bor D, Owen AM (2006), “Working memory: linking capacity with selectivity.” Curr Biol 16(4):R136-8 Details


Owen AM, Menon DK, Johnsrude IS, Bor D, Scott SK, Manly T, Williams EJ, Mummery C, Pickard JD (2002), “Detecting residual cognitive function in persistent vegetative state.” Neurocase 8(5):394-403 Details


Contact Details

Consciousness and Cognition Lab
Person keywords: 
prefrontal cortex
Not available for consultancy